Simferopol is the second-largest city on the Crimean Peninsula, and the capital of the Republic of Crimea. Simferopol is an important political, economic and transport hub of the peninsula, and serves as the administrative center of both Simferopol Municipality and the surrounding Simferopol District.
Simferopol is located in the south-central portion of the Crimean Peninsula. The city lies on the Salhir River and near the artificial Simferopol Reservoir, which provides the city with clean drinking water. The Simferopol Reservoir’s earth dam is the biggest in Europe.